The 2018 election cycle is about to come to an end with the 2023 elections next year.
The ruling party won the last elections and had a manifesto in which it listed a number of promises for urban areas such as schools, water and sanitation.
However, with 5 years about to come to an end, how the party has fared in achieving its promises makes for sad reading.
We look at three main promises and the results are dismal
1) National Rehabilitation Programme Of All Water Purification Plants
The national project had a very low success percentage as most cities failed to carry out the rehabilitation.
Among those who carried it out are Chegutu. It applied for a US$1 million loan which was granted by the Infrastructure Development Bank of Zimbabwe (IDBZ).
The project will result in the upgrading of pipes to improve water supply, treatment and capacity.
Harare was allocated ZWL$1 billion under devolution, directed towards projects such as rehabilitation of Morton Jaffray Water Treatment Plant, Crowborough Wastewater Treatment Plant.
The challenge has been in the disbursement as seldom have the funds been fully availed.
Epworth Local Board earmarked its provision of ZWL$185 million for wastewater systems also.
In total the supposed national rehabilitation programme for water has been a dismal failure as allocated funds have seldom been disbursed in full and most capital projects have resultantly floundered.
Water remains a problem across most urban towns and cities with continuous cases of disease outbreaks. Contamination of water sources has also continued due to poor infrastructure as happened in Masvingo.
2) Construct Gwayi-Shangani; Mutange; Musami and Kunzvi Dams and Wenimbe Pipeline.
In line with National Development Strategy 1 (NDS1) government has been pushing for increased infrastructural programmes than anything else.
This has resulted in marginal progress in related areas such as roads and dams.
Gwayi-Shangani Dam is reportedly 66% complete and the process to have it gazetted as a lake is underway.
However, the realisation of benefits for the people of Matabeleland are still a long way off.
The 220 mega litres water treatment plant at Cowdray Park is still at the tendering stage and the hydro-power generating plant, to produce 10 megawatts is still being designed.
Kunzvi Dam has been more about propaganda than actual practical progress as only 8% of the project has been completed to date.
Works currently underway include construction of site roads, site establishment, excavation of the main dam and placement of the main dam embankment.
The slow pace is in keeping with the project’s legacy stretching back to way before independence in 1980.
The Wenimbe Pipeline in Marondera was initially shelved in 2008 but was resuscitated in 2011 after government injected ZWL$10 million. It was never completed again until the Mnangagwa administration took it up.
The Muchekeranwa-Wenimbe pipeline has since been commissioned and will result in the town of Marondera getting water from the new dam of Muchekeranwa. The surplus water will go to Harare.
Build 2000 Schools by 2023
Government promised to build 2000 school before 2023 and the failure in this area has been dismal.
Currently the country has 9778 public schools, 6798 primary and 2980 secondary catering for over 4,9 million pupils.
The infrastructure has not been enough which has resulted in the proliferation of many unregistered schools and colleges while there is hot-seating in most schools too.
Education Minister Evelyn Ndlovu said Tech Brands, a private player, had signed an agreement to build 2060 schools but nothing has happened since.
Under a US$20 million OPEC Fund for International Development government has managed to build a paltry 17 schools which were completed between 2018 and 2020.
Since then it has not built any school!
There are also plans for 4 Primary schools this year at a cost of ZWL$270 million according to its infrastructure plan.
4) 1,5 Million Houses by 2023
Ahead of the 2018 general election, Zimbabwe’s ruling ZANU-PF party made a pledge to build 1.5 million homes in the five-year period leading up to 2023.
The government admits it has already missed this target, and has revised its plans.
According to ZimFact, the 1.5 million five-year housing plan would have demanded that the country would build an average of 300,000 houses per year. This target has now been revised downwards to 200 000.
In The Herald newspaper of Tuesday, January 29, Housing and Social Amenities Minister Daniel Garwe is quoted as saying:
“The target that we were given by Government is 100,000 per year, but because of other challenges, if we achieve between 20,000 to 30,000 per year we would have done well.”
The government has already broken its promise to build 1.5 million houses by 2023. Authorities also doubt that they will meet the revised target of building 100,000 houses per year.