A bylaw is a law made by a local authority in accordance with the powers conferred by or delegated to it under a statute.
Part XVII of the Urban Councils Act [Chapter 29:15] (UCA) empowers councils to make these by-laws under the final approval of the Local Government minister.
By-laws are laws that have been localised and apply specifically to council areas, such as the City of Harare, Chegutu Municipality, Chirundu Town, and others.
They give limits and direction to what one can and cannot do in certain specific boundaries, even within one’s own property.
Some examples of bylaws include the Harare Traffic (Amendment) Bylaw (2013) and the Urban Councils (Specified Areas) Notice 1987.
Bylaws are created by the City Council composed of the elected Councilors and chaired by the Mayor.
They are brought into being as a response or preemptive move against or for certain things to be done in an area.
Most of the times Council Committees deliberate over the bylaws and then bring them to the Full Council for deliberations.
The Minister of Local Government is ultimately charged with passing the crafted bylaw.
That’s why they state that “it is hereby notified that the Minister of Local Government, Public Works and National Housing has in terms of section 229 of the Urban Council’s Act (Chapter 29:15) approved the following ByLaws made by the Harare City Council”.
Notable is the fact that ByLaws have no timespan. They don’t expire.
That’s why Harare up to now still has some bylaws which were passed during thr colonial era and some have not even been amended to suit the new context.
This can have adverse effect on their applicability in the current context.